- Employment Opportunities
- Noah set a righteous example to his entire generation
- The Long Count, Straight Lines and the Erection of Pyramids
- Noah's Ark
- Schools: The Great Irish Science Book | The Ark, Dublin. Creative Arts Activities for Children
But despite the archaeological evidence which could lead to such assumptions, the geology can not be ignored. The ancient river courses and cities must have, therefore, run very deep below the present land surface - or in a very different geographical environment.
Therefore, there are no archaeological remains of antediluvian people nor are their fossils to be expected, because the settlements must have been irretrievably destroyed during or after the Great Flood: Either thick layers of rock were deposited there or the inhabited surfaces were eroded by the great water masses. For centuries, geologists have studied the structure of the earth's crust and discovered that it consists of crystalline bedrock, which is covered with several layers of sediment that sometimes contain fossils.
The beginning of the Cambrian era is dated back to a time before million years ago.
This means that since the Cambrian period all fossil-bearing layers could only have been formed after the fall of mankind! The obvious conclusion was then to assume, that all the deposited layers of rock were formed during the year of the Great Flood. However, there are some profound arguments that speak against this assumption: Several layers of rock show evidence, that at certain time periods it must have been dry - during a single year of deluge there is no explanation for such interruptions. There are also geological phenomena that require a certain amount of time to develop: not necessarily millions of years, but also not just a fraction of a flood year either.
What speaks against a development within one year is the actual existing and world wide correlation of sub-categorisation of the layers through the various fossil species. The formation of this sequence under the turbulent conditions that must have prevailed during the flood year is inconceivable. The final solution to this dilemma and contention between the Great Flood and geology is still pending, but currently a biblical prehistoric model is being proposed that assumes powerful geological activity occurred before, during and even after the Great Flood.
This would suit the assumption that some of the dinosaur survivors of the Ark became extinct shortly after the Great Flood due to climate changes or, did not reproduce in sufficient numbers.
Noah set a righteous example to his entire generation
The Bible does not mention the place where Noah lived and built the Ark. The Epic of Gilgamesh, however, speaks of the city Suruppak, which could also be identified archaeologically. It lies kilometres south-east of Baghdad in modern day Iraq. However, if the Great Flood had geological dimensions, one must assume that the earth's surface changed significantly during that time, and that many geographical specifications from before its occurrence have possibly been transferred from memory only into the new landscape.
The Long Count, Straight Lines and the Erection of Pyramids
Discoveries, that at first glance seem conclusive, nevertheless first require detailed scientific verification before one can enthusiastically speak of evidence for the credibility of the Bible. It seems the greater the importance and significance of the expected archaeological find, the greater the creativity of counterfeiters and fraudsters becomes. According to different testimonials and archaeological traces, visible remains of the Ark could have survived here into the 8th century AD.
The date of the Great Flood, as derived from the biblical chronology and compared with historical data, must have been sometime between and BC. If we adhere to the biblical narration, then not only are all human descendants of Adam and Eve, but also from Noah and his wife - because all the other humans, who lived before the Great Flood, were killed because of it.
Although, in many cases it is only a presumption to find parallels within historically documented nations, from a biblical point of view, it is clear that humans of all colours and creed derived from these three pairs of people. Perhaps thereafter there was cross cultural pairing, nevertheless, following the next major event in early human history, the building of the Tower of Babel, the families or tribes were isolated from one another and different groups of people emerged: black Africans, fair-skinned Scandinavians, almond-shaped-eyed Asians, Australian Aborigines and many more.
Even among the animals it is presumed, that the great diversity of species in the animal kingdom today developed after the Great Flood.
These then developed through microevolutionary processes into different biospecies now known animal species As opposed to macroevolution, in which living things supposedly evolved further by chance and later into whole new species with new organs and characteristics. It was, therefore, longer than a football field and had ample space on three floors to house animals.
BG: That complex layering of emotions seems to play out directly in her sexual relationships. One of the most engaging aspects of this novel is that Naamah is both powerfully and centrally a maternal figure on the ark, a true matriarch, while also being alive to her sexuality as an individual. Some of my favorite scenes were of her with her former lover, a widow named Bethel.
Schools: The Great Irish Science Book | The Ark, Dublin. Creative Arts Activities for Children
SB: Yes! That seems pretty inherent to the experience of parenting. I feel pretty asexual as a mother. I try to be shameless and direct about my body around my son. And my body is how I experience both sex and sexiness. I guess it existed before motherhood, but, boy, did motherhood draw it out to its extremes. So I knew that same sort of thing would be happening for Naamah, mother of three adult sons and three adult daughters-in-law, wife of Noah, potentially, for centuries, and also the lover of many people as they came through her life. BG: The memories that Naamah has of caring for her sons as infants resonated with me as a stay-at-home father.
It seems that at no other time is a human more god-like than when caring for a very young child; you create their entire reality for them, you are their world. I wondered if her experiences as a mother amplifies the crisis of faith she experiences on the ark. I found raising my son led and leads me to more helpless feelings than god-like ones.
I think I carried that into the book for Naamah as well. Until she gets to talk to Him later in the book. BG: Pretty early on in the novel, Naamah begins a practice of taking long swims from the ark.
- The Idecis.
- The Great Ark!
- Meeting Special Needs: A practical guide to support children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
- Bestselling Series.
- ARK – Nova Opera.
Beneath the water she finds an angel, and later, the spirits of the dead. This, along with her dreams, is such a wonderful and surprising aspect of the book, and one that adds real tension as the story progresses. Was this entirely of your own invention, or was there any precedent for it in the research that you did? The first thing I knew about the book, all the way back to that screenplay, was that Naamah was going to take up swimming.
That seemed like the most logical response to this feeling of being trapped, which I imagined overwhelmed Naamah on the ark. But once she was in the water, what an opportunity! It felt like a space where anything could happen. In the short, Naamah sees a woman, but the screenplay is just about over at that point. I was so excited to figure out the mystery woman when I went forward with prose.
Would she be only a vision? Or would it be God? A dead woman? Bethel even? Or an angel? So once I thought that it could be an angel, that was all I could think about. The angel and her village of dead are completely of my own invention, though it has been pointed out to me, since finishing, that she could be read as an origin story for the devil and hell.
From a process perspective, what was it like to walk that line? SB: Perhaps this is where my being a poet helped me the most. But it was more of a concern for this book being a retelling of a tale from Genesis. I knew it was more of a concern for a novel than, say, a one-page narrative poem, where you can track the fable, the metaphor, and it never gets too unwieldy if it goes astray in a poem, you can lead it back.